Welcome to Borneo, The Tour Operator of Kalimantan, Adventure Jungle Tour Expeditons, Wildlife Tour Excursions,Dayak Culture Safari

Kalimantan Tour Operator in Indonesia, is able to serve your Golden Traveling Routes to the Deep Hinterland of Mystic Borneo / Kalimantan Island, as Jungle treks, Dayak indigenous Culture, Adventure trips in area's as the Apokayan, Kayan River, Mahakam River, Barito River, Rungan River, Kahayan River, Katingan River, Kapuas River, Mount Meratus, Kutai Reserve, Kayan Mentarang Reserve, Tanjung Puting Reserve, Camp Leakey, Orangutan tours, Tangiling National Park, Gunung Palung National Park, Danau Semantrum National Park, Kersik Luwai Reserve, Diving at Derawan Islands, Longhouse Tours, Dayak Hunting Tours, Mahakam Dolphin Tours, Orangutan safari,Safari, Safari Tours, Safari Tour, Adventure Tour, Adventure Tours, Adventure expedition, Adventure Expeditions, Expedition Tours, Expedition tour, Expeditions tour, trip, trek, trekking, Adventure trek, Adventure trekking, Adventure trips, jungle trek, jungle treks, jungle trekking, jungle trekkings, jungle tour, jungle tours, jungle adventure 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Kalimantan of the beaten track, itineraries, itinerary, tour program, tour programs, pax, travel compagnion, travel friend, cross the border of Malaysia to Indonesia, cross the Kalimantan Border, cross the Borneo border, Tawau to Nunukan, Tawau to Tarakan, cross the border tawau, cross the border Nunukan, cross the border Long Bawan, cross the Border Entikong, fly, flights, airlines, Hotel, Hotels, tour reservation, tour operator, Kalimantan tour operator, Borneo tour operator, eco tourism tour, eco toursim tours, eco tour, eco tours, ecotourism, tours to Sabah, Sarawak etc, etc. Hotel bookings, Taxi / Car rental service, Boat rental, Flight bookings and a lot more can be arranged.dive , duiken, piqué, Tauchen, βουτήξτε, tuffo, 飛び込み, 급강하, mergulho, пикирование, zambullida, tour, toer, viaje, путешествие, excursão, 투어, 旅行, giro, γύρος, Ausflug, excursion, 遊覽, trekking, trekken, 遷徙, οδοιπορία, 移住, 여행, senderismo, Hike, wandelen, alza, поход, caminhada, 하이킹, ハイキング, aumento, πεζοπορώ, 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Indonésie, on-line-Reservierung, Fluglinienflugkarten, Indonesien, σε απευθείας σύνδεση επιφύλαξη, εισιτήρια πτήσης αερογραμμών, Ινδονησία, prenotazione in linea, biglietti di volo di linea aerea, Indonesia, オンライン予約、航空 会社飛行切符、インドネシア, 온라인 예약, 항공 비행 표, 인도네시아, reserva em linha, bilhetes do vôo da linha aérea, Indonésia, он-лайн ресервирование, билеты полета авиакомпании, Индонесия, reservación en línea, boletos del vuelo de la línea aérea, Travel, Kalimantan, Borneo, Rain forest, flora, fauna, tribe, dayak, culture, travel, regen woud, oerwoud, cultuur, Recorrido, selva tropical, tribu, cultura, Перемещение, Калимантан, дождевый лес, флора, фауна, триба, культура, Curso, Bornéu, floresta tropical, tribo, cultura, 여행, 보르네오 의 열대 다우림, 식물상, 동물군, 부족, 문화, 旅行、ボロネオの熱帯雨林、植物相、動物群、種族、文化, Corsa, foresta pluviale, tribù, coltura, Ταξίδι, Μπόρνεο, τροπικό δάσος, χλωρίδα, πανίδα, φυλή, πολιτισμός, Spielraum, Regenwald, Stamm, Kultur, forêt tropicale, flore, faune, tribu, 旅行,加裡曼丹,婆羅洲,雨林,植物 群,動物區系,部落,迪雅克人,文化, Bornéo, Reissen, Reizen Kalimantan Tour Operator in Indonesia,serve Traveling Routes to the Deep Hinterland of Mystic Borneo / Kalimantan Island, as Jungle treks, Dayak indigenous Culture, Adventure trips in area's as the Apokayan, Kayan River, Mahakam River, Barito River, Rungan River, Kahayan River, Katingan River, Kapuas River, Mount Meratus, Kutai Reserve, Kayan Mentarang Reserve, Tanjung Puting Reserve, Camp Leakey, Orangutan tours, Tanggiling National Park, Gunung Palung National Park, Danau Semantrum National Park, Kersik Luwai Reserve, Diving at Derawan Islands, Longhouse Tours, Dayak Hunting Tours, Mahakam Dolphin Tours, tours to Sabah, Sarawak etc, etc. Hotel Reservations, Taxi / Car rental service, Boat rental, Flight bookings we can help to create your own Kalimantan tour program. Covering Whole Indonesian Borneo. Programs are Culture, Nature, and Adventure or a combination of it. Our standard programs can be found at Tour Programs Site from where you can choose a Kalimantan tour package or make a combination of two or more Kalimantan packages. Our Kalimantan Tour Packages covering whole Borneo.For Information crossing the borders between Sabah or Sarawak to Indonesian Kalimantan. Now Kalimantan is crisscrossed by giant rivers including the Mahakam River, Barito River, Kapuas River,Kahayan River,Sekonyer River,Kayan River,Katingan River,and the Belayan River. A wide variety of montane and lowland rainforest, each an important genetic resource and wildlife habitat. More then a half of the hard wooden tree species are found only at Borneo, climbing rattan palms, vines, orchids, ferns, and pitcher plants common.The wildlife is unusually diverse, wherever you go animal sounds will follow,with luck you might see several species of monkeys, gibbons, wild ox, wild cats, flying lemur, martins, weasels, fresh water dolphins, orang utans, sun bear, leopard, snakes, hornbill birds, parrots, parakeets, and crested fireback pheasants.many kinds of beautiful butterfliesand meta llic beetles, poisonous polypods, brightly colored millipedes, giant walking sticks, but don’t forget the mosquitos and leeches and the more dangerous bees.The population of Kalimantan is diverse, cause of the booming oil, coal, gold and timber industry, many Indonesians came to Kalimantan searching for work in the last two decades. The native Dayak people live deeper inland along the river banks throughout the interior of Borneo,each Dayak tribe about 200 Dayak tribes have it’s own dialect and culture, thriving as hunters and gatherers. Other Indonesians call the Dayaks stupid men considering them backward because of headhunting and other animist customs. The truth is that they are scrupulously honest by nature, though exposure to Christianity and modern values has muted this trait. Due airstrips and boat connections the Dayak territory is still some of the most inaccessible on earth.Headhunting officially doesn t exist in Kalimantan anymore, though isolated jungle beheadings are still reported as a symbol par excellence of the procreative power of nature. Common interpretations in anthropology agree that nearly all the Dayaks tribes, are of a larger more common Austronesian migration from Asia, regarded to have settled in the South East Asian Archipelago some 3,000 years ago. The main Dayaks are the Bakumpai and Dayak Bukit of South Kalimantan, The Ngajus, and Baritos of Central Kalimantan, Benuaqs,Kayan and Kenyah of East Kalimantan, and the Ibans of West Kalimantan and Malay Borneo, Other populations are the nomadic Punan, which are live nowadays along the Border between Kalimantan and Sabah / Sarawak.Coastal populations in Borneo are largely Muslim in belief, however these groups (Ilanun, Melanau, Kutai) are generally considered to be Islamized Dayaks, native to Borneo, and governed by the relatively high cultural influences of the Javanese Majapahit Kingdoms and Islamic Malay Sultanates, periodically covering South East Asian history.Traditionally, Dayak agriculture was based on swidden rice cultivation. Agricultural Land in this sense was used and defined primarily in terms of hill rice farming, ladang (garden), and hutan (forest). Dayaks organised their labour in terms of traditionally based land holding groups which determined who owned rights to land and how it was to be used. Nowadays, the Dayaks work in the mining industry, wood industry, and plantations of Borneo.The Dayak indigenous religion is Kaharingan a form of animism which is categorized as a part of Hinduism in Indonesia. The practice of Kaharingan differs from group to group, and for example in some religious customary practices, when a noble (kamang) dies, it is believed that the spirit ascends to a mountain where the spirits of past ancestors of the tribe reside. The most salient feature of Dayak social organisation is the practice of Longhouse domicile. This is a structure supported by hardwood posts that can be hundreds of metres long, usually located along a terraced at the river bank. At one side is a long communal platform, from which the individual households can be reached. Longhouses have a door and apartment for every family living in the longhouse. For example, a Longhouse of 200 doors is equivalent to a settlement of 200 families.Headhunting was an important part of Dayak culture, there used to be a tradition of retaliation for old headhunts, which kept the practise alive. Reports describe Dayak War parties with captured enemy heads. At various times, there have been massive coordinated raids in the interior, and throughout coastal Borneo.Metal-working is elaborately used for making mandaus ( machetes ). The blade is made of a softer iron, to prevent breakage, with a narrow strip of a harder iron wedged into a slot in the cutting edge for sharpness. Under Indonesia's transmigration programme, settlers from densely-populated Java and Madura were encouraged to settle in the Kalimantan provinces, but their presence was, and still is, resented by Dayaks, Banjars and local Malays . The large scale transmigration projects initiated by the Dutch and continued by the current national government, caused widespread breakdown in social and community cohesion during the late 20th Century. The systemic and violent attacks on Indonesian Madurese settlers, including mass executions of whole Madurese transmigrant communities. Kutai National Park is a lowland forest area with a number of principal vegetation types, including coastal/mangrove forest, freshwater swamp forest, kerangas forest, lowland flooding forest, ulin/meranti/kapur forest, and mixed Dipterocarpaceae forest. This Park is also part of the largest relatively pristine ulin forest in Indonesia.Among the plants that grow in this Park are mangrove (Bruguiera sp.), cemara laut (Casuarina equisetifolia), simpur (Dillenia sp.), meranti (Shorea sp.), benuang (Octomeles sumatrana), ulin (Eusideroxylon zwageri), kapur (Dryobalanops sp.), 3 species of rafflesia, and various orchid species.An ulin tree in Sangkimah has a height without branches of 45 m, a diameter of 225 cm or a circle of 706 cm, and a volume of 150 m3. It is the highest and largest plant recorded in Indonesia.As well as a variety of plants, this Park also has a high animal diversity. Primate groups like orangutan (Pongo satyrus), Mueller's Bornean grey gibbon (Hylobates muelleri), proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus), long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis fascicularis), maroon leaf monkey (Presbytis rubicunda rubicunda), white-fronted leaf monkey (P. frontata frontata), pig-tailed macaque (Macaca nemestrina nemestrina), and slow loris (Nycticebus coucang borneanus) can be found in Teluk Kaba, Prevab-Mentoko and Sangkimah. Ungulate groups like banteng (Bos javanicus lowi), sambar deer (Cervus unicolor brokei), barking deer (Muntiacus muntjak pleiharicus), and lesser Malay mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus klossi) can be found throughout the Park area.Carnivore groups such as sun bear (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus) and flat-headed cat (Pardofelis planiceps) can be found in Teluk Kaba, Prevab-Mentoko and along the Bontang-Sangatta road.Teluk Kaba in Kutai National Park is the location of the nation's third orangutan rehabilitation centre.Kaba Bay and Muara Sangkimah: marine tourism and observing animals, especially orangutans, proboscis monkeys, sambar deer, lesser mouse deer, sun bears, and birds.Lombok Bay and Muara Sungai Sangatta: marine tours and observation of original mangrove forest.Prevab-Mentoko: research; watching animals such as sun bears, orangutans, lesser mouse deer , and wild pigs.Kayan Mentarang National Park covers an area of 1,600,000 ha and is located in the far interior of East Kalimantan province. The park comprises the largest remaining block of rainforest in Borneo and as such forms a very important refuge for numerous species, including many species that are endemic to the Bornean mountain bioregion. About half of the reserve consists of species-rich dipterocarp lowland and hill forest while mountain forest ranges up to Kayan Mentarang's highest mountain at 2,000 m. 40 Percent of the park has an elevation above 1,000 m.The park is inhabitated by several thousand Dayak and Punan people who live from shifting cultivation and rice farming. Wildlife is hard to see due to hunting by native Dayaks.WWF has been working on developing eco-tourist projects in cooperation with the local people. It has 5 field-offices in settlements around the park, which are helpful for information. It also has a research station at Long Alango, north of Long Pujungan, which can be visited, and is probably the best place to see wildlife.Access Kayan Mentarang National Park is very remote and only accessible by public flights on the Samarinda-Long Ampung and Tarakan-Long Bawan routes, or by public riverboats following the Tarakan-Tanjung Selor-Long Pujungan route.To access the southern part of the Park, visitors can fly from Samarinda or Malinau to Long Ampung. From Long Ampung head for Data Dian (an approx. 5 hour journey on 13 HP boat engines). Since fuel is extraordinary expensive. However, visitor's with time can get around half the price when asking for a lift with the locals who go to Data Dian.MAF (Mission Aviation Fellowship) has flights, However, both DAS and MAF require advanced booking (minimum 1 month before departing date),and both airlines reserve the authority to prioritize seats for local citizens from around the Park - so outside visitors often find themselves stranded even after numerous seat reconfirmations. It is good to bring luggage less than 10 kg in weight when flying with DAS (DAS limits each persons weight - including luggage - at 80 kg). This makes it more flexible to secure a seat on board on last minute seat availability. MAF puts even more restrictions on luggage weight (up to 10 kg/person) on regular flights unless chartered.Accommodation There's no official accommodation, but it's possible to stay in the many Dayak settlements inside the park.Kersik Luway Nature Reserve nature reserve between Melak and Barong Tongkok, 18 kilometers to the south. The Black Orchid (Coelogyne pandurata) which blossoms between April and December, grow s on shrubs in this 5,000 hectare reserve. Many hundred of other orchid species also grow in this forest. The reserve is located 170 kilometers from Samarinda and can be reached in 32 hours by boat. Other tourist spots in this regions include Jentur Gemuruh waterfall and Kersik Kerbangan, a forest known for is wild orchids. Visitors usually stay at Sekolag Darat village.Pepas Eheng village belongs to the Barong Tongkok district, 209 kilometers from Samarinda . Plait work, rattan furniture and Tunjung Dayak statues are made here. The village can be reached from Melak in one hour by car.Muara Oahu is a district town at the meeting point of the Kedang Pahu and Lawa river, in the Mahakam hinterland. Twenty-eight villages, with a total population a bout 11,000 are found in this area.The cultural heritage of the Dayak people is very much evident at Tolan village. There are two traditional houses and a graveyard which are worth seeing. The people here live from panning for gold, looking for bird's nests and tilling the dry fields.Tanjung Puting & Camp Leakey,Tanjung Puting National Park has several ecosystem types: lowland tropical rain forest, dryland forest, freshwater swamp forest, mangrove forest, coastal forest, and secondary forest.The Park is dominated by lowland forest plants like jelutung (Dyera costulata), ramin (Gonystylus bancanus), meranti (Shorea sp.), keruing (Dipterocarpus sp.), and rattans.Endangered and protected species of animal inhabiting the Park include the orangutan (Pongo satyrus), proboscis monkey (Nasalis larvatus), maroon leaf monkey (Presbytis rubicunda rubida), sun bear (Helarctos malayanus euryspilus), lesser Malay mouse deer (Tragulus javanicus klossii), clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), and leopard cat (Prionailurus bengalensis borneoensis). This Park was the first place in Indonesia to become a rehabilitation centre for orangutans. There are now three orangutan rehabilitation locations, Tanjung Harapan, Pondok Tanggui, and Camp Leakey.The orangutan of Kalimantan has dark reddish fur and no tail. As they get older, the adult males cheeks flesh out, resembling cushions. The older they get, the bigger these cheek flanges grow, giving them a fierce look.Tanjung Harapan: this is the first station in the orangutan rehabilitation process. Situated in the midst of secondary forest and swamp forest, it has a guesthouse, an information centre, and trails.Pondok Tanggui: orangutans that have passed the semi-wild phase are moved to Pondok Tanggui. There, they are closely monitored from a distance, and human contact is avoided.Camp Leakey: founded in 1971 in the middle of primary forest, this is the location for semi-wild and wild orangutans, and for younger orangutans from birth until three years of age.Natai Lengkuas: bekantan research station, and watching other animals along the river.Buluh River and Danau Burung: watching birds, in particular migrant species.How to reach the Park: Jakarta-Semarang-Pangkalan Bun by plane, or from Semarang to Pangkalan Bun by ship.Tangiling Reserve, is an Option to Find good wild life and orangutan.Danau Sentarum National Park (DSNP),is located in a remote area of West Kalimantan, Indonesia, and situated close to the Malaysian border of Sarawak, approximately 700 km. inland from the provincial capital, Pontianak. DSNP is an area of interconnected seasonal lakes and seasonally flooded tropical forests with the water catchment consisting of lowland tropical forest in the hills and flooded forest in the low-lying areas. A patchwork of various forest developmental stages characterizes the former and is a result of commercial logging, swidden cultivation, and smallholdings of rubber and pepper.The Sungai Sedik territory was occasionally hunted by members of at least five other longhouse communities and residents of Lanjak.Gunung Palung National Park Nature Reserve is a 100,000 ha (241,700 acres) park located on the southwestern coast of Borneo. It is rich in rain forest habitats and plant and animal biodiversity. It has coastal mangrove forest and fresh and brackish water swamp forest, lowland peat swamp forest, various types of lowland forest, submontane and montane forest. Until recently its wildlife populations were undisturbed.The orangutan is considered the umbrella species for conservation in the area, and is also an important ecological agent for seed dispersal and seed predation. It is believed that orangutans at Gunung Palung constitute one of the most dense and largest populations on Borneo.Currently, however, their rain forest home is severely threatened.Despite its relatively small size, Gunung Palung and the surrounding areas harbor what is thought to be one of the most dense and viable remaining orangutan populations in Kalimantan, and therefore, the world. funded in part by The Orangutan Conservancy, gives an estimate of 2500 individual orangutans - about 17% of the estimated population in Borneo and close to 10% of the world's population.The Orangutan Conservancy is very optimistic about the work of Cheryl Knott and Tim Laman at the Gunung Palung National Park, located on the western side of Borneo. They are directing the efforts to protect the forest as well as the wild orangutan population. The Orangutan Conservancy considers it a very important effort to support, dive , duiken, piqué, Tauchen, βουτήξτε, tuffo, 飛び込み, 급강하, mergulho, пикирование, zambullida, tour, toer, viaje, путешествие, excursão, 투어, æ—…è¡Œ, giro, γύρος, Ausflug, excursion, 遊覽, trekking, trekken, 遷徙, οδοιπορία, 移住, 여행, senderismo, Hike, wandelen, alza, поход, caminhada, 하이킹, ハイキング, aumento, πεζοπορÏŽ, Wanderung, hausse, River Cruise, Rivier Cruise, 河巡航, croisière de fleuve, Flusskreuzfahrt, κρουαζιέρα ποταμÏŽν, crociera del fiume, 川の巡航, ê°• ì„ ë°• 여행, cruzeiro do rio, круиз реки, travesía del río, Jungle Wildlife, Jungel wild, fauna de la selva, живая природа джунглей, animais selvagens da selva, ì •ê¸€ 야생 생물, ジャングルの野性生物, fauna selvatica della giungla, άγρια φύση ζουγκλÏŽν, Dschungelwild, lebende tiere, faune de jungle, 密林野生生物, adventure trip, avontuur trip, 冒險旅行, voyage d'aventure, Abenteuerreise, ταξίδι περιπέτειας, viaggio di avventura, 冒険旅行, 모험 여행, desengate da aventura, отключение приключения, viaje de la aventura, hotel reservation, hotel reservatie, reservación de hotel, ресервирование гостиницы, reserva de hotel, 호텔 예약, ホテルの予約, prenotazione di hotel, κράτηση ξενοδοχείων, Hotelreservierung, réservation d'hôtel, 旅馆预订, online reservation, airline flight ticket, indonesia, online reservatie, vliegtickets, indonesie, 網上保留,航空公司飛行票,印度尼西亞, réservation en ligne, billets de vol de ligne aérienne, Indonésie, on-line-Reservierung, Fluglinienflugkarten, Indonesien, σε απευθείας σύνδεση επιφύλαξη, εισιτήρια πτήσης αερογραμμÏŽν, Ινδονησία, prenotazione in linea, biglietti di volo di linea aerea, Indonesia, オンライン予約、航空 会社飛行切符、インドネシア, 온라인 예약, í•­ê³µ 비행 í‘œ, 인도네시아, reserva em linha, bilhetes do vôo da linha aérea, Indonésia, он-лайн ресервирование, билеты полета авиакомпании, Индонесия, reservación en línea, boletos del vuelo de la línea aérea, Travel, Kalimantan, Borneo, Rain forest, flora, fauna, tribe, dayak, culture, travel, regen woud, oerwoud, cultuur, Recorrido, selva tropical, tribu, cultura, Перемещение, Калимантан, дождевый лес, флора, фауна, триба, культура, Curso, Bornéu, floresta tropical, tribo, cultura, 여행, 보르네오 의 열대 다우림, 식물상, 동물군, 부족, 문화, 旅行、ボロネオの熱帯雨林、植物相、動物群、種族、文化, Corsa, foresta pluviale, tribù, coltura, Ταξίδι, ΜπÏŒρνεο, τροπικÏŒ δάσος, χλωρίδα, πανίδα, φυλή, πολιτισμÏŒς, Spielraum, Regenwald, Stamm, Kultur, forêt tropicale, flore, faune, tribu, æ—…è¡Œï¼ŒåŠ è£¡æ›¼ä¸¹ï¼Œå©†ç¾…æ´²ï¼Œé›¨æž—ï¼Œæ¤ç‰© 群,動物區系,部落,迪雅克人,文化, Bornéo, Reissen, Reizen

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 DE'GIGANT TOURS
 Jl.Martadinata Raudah 1 no.21   Samarinda  -  East Kalimantan
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The Reasons to TRAVEL with Us


WHY RESPONSIBLE TOURISM ?


It is about providing more rewarding holiday experiences for our guests whilst enabling local communities to enjoy a better quality of life and conserving the natural
environment.


Responsible Tourism has three pillars of sustainable development
1. economy
2. society
3. the environment


Tourists themselves want to learn about the host country, reduce environmental impact and meet local people at their visiting Destinations.

Responsible environmental practice has  not only benefits by reducing energy, water,and waste, but it also improves the quality of a tourism operation’s surroundings, enhancing the overall experience for the guests.
Local communities are involved in tourism to perceive its benefits for a economic growth and  create jobs. Supporting local economic growth is therefore key to long-term success.

Local Product Development
• Provide visits to local places of interest, such as shebeens, restaurants and homes.      
   Market local festivals and visits to nearby markets. Offer guests traditional food,
   cultural events and opportunities to buy locally made arts and crafts.

• Let local craft producers know about the range, size, weight and style of crafts that      
   would be attractive to the visitors. Provide craft suppliers with feedback from clients.



Our major points are summarised below.
• Reduce environmental impacts when developing tourism.
• Use natural resources sustainably.
• Maintain biodiversity.


Community Training and Capacity Building
• Assist locals to prepare business plans and funding proposals.
• Link local communities and help with skills training and capacity
   building.

• Help coordinate or fund training programmes to develop local business
   skills.



Promote a Local Tourism Culture
• Offer to provide tourism lectures at local schools.
• Invite local school children to visit tourism attractions
• Work with other tourism initiatives, to promote a tourism culture.

The cultural and artistic traditions of the indigenous Dayak population are still preserved in the hinterland of East Kalimantan.Sailing up the streams to the Malaysian border, one can still meet Traditional Dayak settlements than seem to have been little touched by the modernity



Respect Local Culture
• Negotiate with host communities the notice required for tourist visits, what activities are 
acceptable and
   what  size groups are suitable. Ask whether it is appropriate for tourists to 
visit people’s homes.
• Treat cultural heritage with dignity and respect. Inform guests about local customs and 
traditions and
   appropriate behaviour. Ensure that tourists ask permission to take
photographs or to videotape people.
   Ensure that clients do not damage or remove religious or cultural artefacts.




Fauna and Flora Conservation
• Support a local wildlife or nature conservation programme
    by providing funds
.
• Buy crafts that are sustainably produced and avoid curios or
    furniture made of
 indigenous hardwoods.
• Be responsible in the use of wood for fires e.g. use wood
    from bush-clearing 
operations.


Our Responsible Tourism Guidelines encourage Locals to grow their businesses whilst providing social and economic benefits to local communities and respecting the environment.
Sound waste management and water treatment create a safer environment for staff and local communities, reducing illness and disease and enhancing quality of life. Moreover, good environmental practice translates into direct cost savings by reducing energy and waste disposal costs. In terms of the bottom line, good environmental practice makes perfect economic sense. 

Tourism establishments that fail to protect their environmental surroundings impact on the
very attractions on which most depend for success – clean air, safe water and beautiful surroundings.

Nature-based tourism operations have a particular responsibility towards their natural nvironment in terms of ensuring ecologically sensitive land and habitat management and conserving biodiversity.

Eco-Tourism in the Lungs of the World

The forests of Kalimantan are sometimes known as the lungs of the world because of their staggering vastness, and these natural landscapes are believed to be among the oldest examples of surviving rainforests on earth, an amazing living and growing piece of earth’s history. It is here that some of the world’s most extraordinary examples of natural beauty are to be found - including a network of astounding meandering rivers and stunning wildernesses that house a unique range of biodiversity in animal and plant life. Yet, this jewel of natural beauty has faced difficulties in the past, as the influence of human hands has at times threatened the forests and waterways of the land

The indigenous inhabitants are the Dayaks, comprising the sub-tribes Ngaju, Ot Danum, Ma'anyan Ot Siang, Lawangan, Katingan and others. Their livelihood is hunting, moving from one region to another. They adhere to the old Kaharingan religion. Tanjung Puting and Tangkiling National Park

Just it is in human hands to do great harm to this priceless natural environment, it is also within our power to do something about protecting it. Tourism doesn’t need to harm the environment – in fact, as EcoTravellerGuider.com says, with the “right green travel guides, anyone who’s environmentally-conscious can plan a fantastic vacation”. This idea of ecotourism is defined by the International Ecotourism Society as “responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people”. By becoming responsible eco-tourists, we can experience these wonderful and distinct masterpieces of nature, while contributing to a local economy that can work to protect the local environment. If you are tempted to visit the stunning locales of this small piece Asia, you can chose to use tourism as a force for good in order to explore Kalimantan in a way that benefits yourself, the local communities, and their natural landscape.
Kalimantan is a particularly appropriate destination to encourage ecotourism, as not only does it feature unique natural environments, but some of the local Dayak tribes have been interested in environmental matters for many generations, as OurWorld.anu.com states, many of the Dayak “use centuries-old indigenous knowledge to manage their natural landscapes sustainably”. By following their example and visiting these sites with an eye on preserving this ancient beauty, we can help boost a broader consciousness of the need to protect the environment in Kalimantan by showing others precisely how beautiful and irreplaceable the sights of the island can be.

Wildlife
Kalimantan has an extraordinary array of wildlife, and of the 222 or so different kinds of mammals found on the island, according to the World Wildlife Foundation, 44 of these “are not found anywhere else in the world”. In fact, much of the island is unexplored and scientists are constantly making fascinating discoveries of new species. In 2013, the rare Sumatran Rhino was caught on film, according to BorneoProject.org “the first time scientists have confirmed the presence of the notoriously shy animal in Kalimantan in over two decades.” Despite sheltering such rare and fascinating creatures, one animal in particular that resides in the forests of Kalimantan has become something of the poster-boy for wildlife on the island – the orangutan.

Person of the Forest

It is little wonder that the great ape species of the genus Pongo has attracted so much interest, as the Orangutan Foundation points out they “are remarkably similar to humans in terms of anatomy, physiology, and behavior”. Indeed, Orangutan famously is the Malay word for “person of the forest”, and it hard not to feel a kinship with these remarkable creatures. The orangutan, as an arboreal species of great ape, live almost all of their lives in the branches of the forests of Kalimantan, “spending most of their time in trees, building nests at night, swinging through the trees, and eating in the trees” according to the Center for Great Apes. There are several wild-life preserves in Kalimantan that are working to build up the numbers of the orangutan, such as Camp Leakey in Tanjung Puting National Park. Camp Leakey was established as part of a nature reserve by Dr. Biruté Mary Galdikas, one of the world’s foremost orangutan researchers, who declared in an interview with the Smithsonian that she is proud that “Camp Leakey still looks like a primeval Eden”.
By visiting our tree-dwelling relatives, not only will you be doing your part to support the preservation of the local biodiversity, but you will come face to face with a side of nature few of us have the good fortune to see in this day and age.

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