Apokayan Transmigration Village
Samarinda is the capital town of East Kalimantan and located about
fifty kilometers upstream from the mouth of the Mahakam River. It's a
trading town established in 1730, much cheaper and easier going instead
of Balikpapan. For inland tourism Samarinda is the starting point for
exciting Mahakam River, Jungle and Cultural Dayak adventure.
Samarinda is surrounded by rivers. The Karangmumus flows to the east of
the town, and the Karangasem river to the west. All of them empty in
the Mahakam river mouth area. Those rivers are important to the people
of Samarinda. Besides serving as avenues for transportation, they also
meet the people's need for sanitation, and other facilities. Motorboats
plying those rivers are popularly called water taxis, and it is mostly
these noisy, agile vessels that cause the hustle and bustle on the
riverside. The Mahakam, at this point, is about 430 meters wide, and
the water-taxis are everywhere. The river splits the town parts, known
respectively as Samarinda Kota and Samarinda Seberang . One unique
feature of this provincial capital is that it is probably the only one
that as a forest, 212,000 hectares in size, in the center of town, more
than half of which is a production forest.
Sarongs from Samarinda are very well known throughout Indonesia.
Samarinda sarongs are woven in cottage industries, and usually use
Tanah Merah Indah Lempake, 16 kilometers from the center of Samarinda,
is a popular recreation park with a waterfall and playgrounds for
children. There are also facilities for camping, fishing and swimming.
There is also an art market where souvenirs are sold.