City Gateway to South Kalimantan
Banjarmasin was founded on
September 24, 1526, one year before Jakarta.
The commemoration of the town's anniversary coincides with that of the
death of Sultan Suriansyah, as the founder of Banjarmasin city, who
with the assistance of the
Demak kingdom converted the Banjar people to the Islam. Sultan
died eight days after all peoples in Banjar kingdom were converted.
In the Dutch colonial period, Banjarmasin was the capital of the Borneo
Residency. Business and commerce blossomed well, which was reflected in
increased river traffic, and in a burgeoning of the floating market on
the river, where agricultural products are being sold till today.
Banjarmasin capital and gateway to South Kalimantan is rather unique in
several aspects. For one thing, it lies 0.16 meters below sea level.
During high tide, the sea water floods the surrounding marshes, and the
river water becomes salty. In the dry season, when the river water
decrease, the wells and ponds are filled with sea water, and also
The river environment, however, gives this old town an appeal that is
all its own. Rivers surround it and bring life to the town. The busiest
trading centers are found in the center of the town, such as at Pasar
Baru, Kuripan Market and some modern markets such as the Antasari
The Ramadhan Cake Fair is an event in which cakes are sold during the
month Ramadhan. Various cakes, including some for offerings, are sold
in the market on Jl. Martadinata.
The Floating Market of Banjarmasin is a traditional market at the
estuary of the Kuin river, a tributary of the Barito. From daybreak
boats come from villages around the rivers Tabuk, Jelapat, Anjir and
Selapat, bringing vegetables, fruits and other daily needs and
household utensils. Buyers and sellers come to the market in small
boats and close their transactions on the water. All daily needs can be
obtained at this market.
As the day proceeds, the atmosphere becomes more cheerful. The number
of buyers increase, and more boats gather. At a little past noon, the
market quietens down. The now empty boats leave. The number of buyers
dwindles, and finally everything is quiet again on the river. The best
time to see market in action is in the early morning.
| Mantuil is an attractive
floating village on the outskirts of
The Palau Hijau recreation park is suitable for family recreation.
There is a fishing pond, a mini zoo, a playground and other
entertainment facilities. The park is located 24 kilometers from the
center of the town, near Syamsuddin Noor airport.
The Sabital Muhtadin Grand Mosque in the center of Banjarmasin town is
mosque in South Kalimantan, and is
the pride of its citizens. The mosque occupies an area of
about ten hectares, with the Martapura river in front it is a
beautiful tourism attraction, near the main facilities for religious
education and a library.
|In Banjarbaru the only museum
of South Kalimantan can be found, The
Lambung Mangkurat Museum has various
historical relics from the Banjar kingdom, such as jars,
plates, traditional costumes, and other antiquities. A copy of the holy
Qur'an, written by a prominent Islamic leader named Syekh Muhammad
Arsyad Al-Banjari (1710 - 1812), is also preserved here.
Grave of Sultan Suriansyah who spread the Islamic religion to South
Kalimantan lies at Kuin village, and can be reached
within 15 minutes from the center of town.
Kembang Island at the delta of the Barito River which can
be reached in 10 minutes from the Floating Market, by
an area of about
60 hectares, and is inhabited by thousands of tame monkeys and
birds. There is also a Chinese sacred place to pray. The
best time to watch the wildlife and monkeys is in the early morning or
Kaget Island is a wildlife
reserve at the Barito River.
Kaget Island can be reached in two hours by motorboat or in one hour by
speedboat. The total land surface of this island is approximately 85
hectares. It is inhabited by the Bekantan (Nasalis larvatus), proboscis
monkeys, a species found only in Kalimantan. The monkey has reddish
brown fur, a prominent nose, and slanted eyes. Bekantans like to play
in the mangrove forest in the morning or afternoon. Recommend
visit time is at sunrise or around sunset.Banjarmasin
is the capital of South Kalimantan province. The town lies at the
estuary of Barito and Martapura rivers, and is inhabited by about half
million people. It occupies an area of about 72 square kilometers
embracing four districts as East Banjar, West Banjar, North Banjar and
South Banjar. The town has a total of 50 villages.